The battle over homework 3rd ed. In his early meta-analysis, Cooper a reported the following effect sizes p. National Education Commission on Time and Learning School, family, and community partnerships: Homework is a perfect example: This figure describes the eight major research syntheses on the effects of homework published from to that provide the basis for the analysis in this article.

Homework is a complicated thing. Review of Educational Research, 76 1 , 1— Effects on family involvement and science achievement. To drop the use of homework, then, a school or district would be obliged to identify a practice that produces a similar effect within the confines of the school day without taking away or diminishing the benefits of other academic activities—no easy accomplishment. Effective homework is homework with a purpose. Connected Teaching Next Next post:

cooper robinson & patall 2006 homework versus no homework

What is the purpose of homework? Therefore, we think it would not be imprudent, based on the evidence in hand, to conclude that doing homework causes improved academic achievement. Still, researchers have offered various recommendations. Educational Researcher, 35 524— Kohn’s allegations that researchers are trying to mislead practitioners and the general public are unfounded and detract from a useful debate on effective practice.

For example, it makes good sense to only assign homework that is beneficial to student learning instead of assigning homework as a matter of policy.

The Case For and Against Homework – Educational Leadership

Homework is a complicated thing. The end of homework: Review of Educational Research, 61 2— Instead, educators should combine research-based generalizations, research from related areas, homewprk their own professional judgment based on firsthand experience to develop specific practices and make adjustments as necessary.


The effects of homework on learning: Educational Researcher, 25 827— How important is the quality of the assignments? In addition, research in a specific area, such as homework, sometimes contradicts research in related areas.

In addition, homework decreases the time spent with family. The Elementary School Journal, 95 5— In The Battle over HomeworkCooper noted that homework should have different purposes at different patalll levels: Arguments against homework are becoming louder and more popular, as evidenced by several recent books as well as an editorial homeworrk Time magazine Wallis, that presented these arguments as truth without much discussion of alternative perspectives.

Homework or No Homework

Facebook Twitter Pinterest Linkedin. As Figure 1 indicates, homework has decades of research supporting its effective use.

cooper robinson & patall 2006 homework versus no homework

All three of the books criticizing homework provide compelling anecdotes to this effect. However, research suggests that homework is less effective if it is used to teach new or complex skills.

Yet repeated visits to the medical journals themselves can leave a much different impression. This figure describes the eight major research syntheses on the effects of homework published from to that provide the basis for the analysis in this homweork.


cooper robinson & patall 2006 homework versus no homework

DataWORKS Educational Research recommends assigning homework to provide additional repetitions of the content to promote retention and automaticity.

Leave a Reply Cancel pahall Your email address will not be published. They provided evidence that too much homework harms students’ health and family time, and they asserted that teachers are not well trained in how to assign homework. When mom and dad help: Schools should strengthen their policies to ensure that teachers use homework properly.

Synthesis Studies on Homework Synthesis Study. American Journal of Education,27— The authors called for people to unite against homework and to lobby for an extended school day instead.

However, homework is most effective when it covers material already taught, is given for review, or is used to reinforce skills previously learned. They suggested that homework must be realistic in length and difficulty given homesork students’ abilities to work independently. Instead, they should improve its instructional quality.