COUNTERURBANISATION CASE STUDY GCSE

You should be able to illustrate an answer on suburbanised villages with a case study – e. Poor quality housing and low environmental quality can also force people away from the inner city. Erosion, Transport and Depositi In addition to these reasons, t he growing popularity of the ‘out-of-town’ industrial and business parks as industry also became unsatisfied with inner city areas has promoted the growth of counterurbanisation. Stevenage, in Hertfordshire, was the first new town created under the Act, with ten others following by There are three recent trends that can be identified.

Indeed, counter urbanisation is when large numbers of people move from urban areas into surrounding countryside or rural areas. It is both a demographic population driven and social process, but has to a lesser extent also involved the movement of some businesses and economic activities. Recently, improvements in rural transport infrastructures and increased car ownership have allowed a greater freedom of choice when people choose where to live. If you’ve found the resources on this site useful please consider making a secure donation via PayPal to support the development of the site. Hurricane Katrina Case Study. The green belt policy restricted growth within the city boundaries, and forced developers to look just outside of the city boundaries for other villages to develop.

Push Factors reasons for the movement away from cities – higher rates of congestion and pollution – high land values making it harder for people to find affordable housing – higher crime rates Pull Factors reasons for movements to the countryside – perceived better quality of life – believed to be a safer and more pleasant environment for children to grow up in – less pollution and more open space – lower land-values and more affordable housing – more businesses locating on greenfield sites to make the most of room for expansion and the more pleasant environment.

In addition to these reasons, t he growing popularity of the ‘out-of-town’ industrial and business parks as industry also became unsatisfied with inner city areas has promoted the growth of counterurbanisation. Please Support Internet Geography If you’ve found the resources on this site useful please consider making a secure donation via PayPal to support the development of the site.

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xase This type of expansion sees the settlement grow at the expense of surrounding green land. Causes and Consequences of Counterurbanisation i Causes For your GCSE you will need to understand what is meant by counterurbanisation and you will need to be able to describe the causes and consequences of this process.

The effects Cities can shrink in size, and the demographic and economic of their areas can undergo significant change. Many have lost some of their rural characteristics as new housing developments have been built and in some instances business units have developed.

Counter-urbanisation affects the layout if rural settlements, modern housing is built on the outside of the area and industrial estates are built on large main roads leading into the settlements.

There are also social impacts, as once tight-knit communities begin counterutbanisation lose community spirit as more and more people move in. Syudy Tyne is no stranger to this process, as its heavy industries of armaments and ship building led to dereliction of inner city communities along the river side. It was originally a coal mining pit village, but followed the New Town model in the s and 70s.

Traditional rural services start to close as the new population will be reliant on the services of the urban environment such as the supermarket.

Counter Urbanisation Case Study – Revision Notes in GCSE Geography

There are three recent trends that can be identified. The site is self-funded and your support is really appreciated.

Erosion, Transport and Depositi They also aspire to having larger stydy with more land for cheaper prices compared to the large towns and cities. Hurricane Katrina Case Study. Whilst urbanisation and suburbanisation have resulted in large scale urban area growth, counterurbanisation cgse had the opposite effect.

This is where the suburbs on the outer edge of the settlement grow outwards as new houses and services are built to accommodate more people. Peter TavyDevon – cwse the gentrification of existing housing, including several barn conversions – infrequent bus service many households with one or two cars – need for more low cost housing for young people – has experienced the closure of local facilities – village shop closed – increase in newcomers not participating in village life For more detail on the process of counterurbanisation see the powerpoint below: Traffic congestion increases as a large percentage of the migrants will be commuting to work traffic congestion increases.

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An example of reurbanisation can be couhterurbanisation in Salford Quays, Manchester. This is the result of pollution, crime and traffic congestion.

Counter Urbanisation Case Study

Supports some local facilities e. Primary schools might flourish or close — young population – increase nursery provision.

counterurbanisation case study gcse

Push and pull factors still apply. These suburbanised villages have seen various changes as people have moved in from the city. Suburbanisation This is where the suburbs on the outer edge of the settlement grow outwards as new houses and services are built to accommodate more people. The reasons for the movement can be summarised as a set of push and pull factors: Newer Post Older Post Home. The cause of counterurbanisation are linked to the gcsd and pull factors of migration.

Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Counter-urbanisation is the movement of people out of cities, to the surrounding areas.

counterurbanisation case study gcse

caes More people tend to move when they retire. The green belt policy restricted growth within the city boundaries, and forced developers to look just outside of the city boundaries for other villages to develop.

Most were intended to accommodate the overspill of population from London. Coastal Erosion Landforms – Features and Formation