The New York Times. The soldiers then gunned down each group and burned the homes, the church and convent where the families were being held. But she does not even recall discussing safety when she talked about the impending trip to guerrilla territory with Jim Hoagland, the assistant managing editor for foreign news, and Karen De Young, the foreign editor. She felt feverish but wrote quickly, finishing a series of articles on life behind guerrilla lines. Beyond this, however, it was inconceivable that El Mozote would become a target of government forces.

No story of his on the massacre had yet run in the Times. The “sickly sweet smell of decomposing bodies” pressed the air. Bonner flew to Mexico City to write a series on life behind guerrilla lines. Even if that figure was exaggerated, the number of victims clearly totaled in the hundreds. Monument to the victims of the massacre of El Mozote. Epilogue Guillermoprieto and Bonner were vindicated 11 years after the publication of their dispatches on the massacres. Establishment of the law formally closes investigations of the El Mozote Massacre and nearby sites and grants unconditional amnesty to perpetrators of the massacre, including all crimes against humanity and crimes of war committed during the Salvadoran civil war.

Bonner, in fact, had long ago shrugged off the fears of working in the city mizote San Salvador. It was the kind of situation that might have prompted people to flee the town and escape what appeared to be almost certain, approaching death.

el mozote massacre case study

Operating out of Mexico City, where she was born and raised, Guillermoprieto was bilingual, able to speak and write both English and Spanish fluently. Over eight hundred innocent men, women, and children were slaughtered over two days at El Mozote and surrounding hamlets. On the afternoon of December 10,units of the Salvadoran army’s Atlacatl Battalionwhich was created in at the U.

On her first day in rebel territory, the guerrillas led her to El Mozote and nearby villages. While walking back to his home, he saw soldiers approaching and decided stuy hide.


The Post in those days was subject to maseacre continual barrage of criticism from the White House. He became a free lance writer working mainly for The New Yorker.

May dl, Judge Federico Portillo suspends the reception of witness testimony; effectively denying hundreds of witnesses and family members of victims the chance to testify about El Mozote, as well as provide the identity of deceased family members.

Demands are made to the Salvadoran government to take action in response to the ruling.

El Mozote Case Study

The reader quickly understands why the Right sought to make Bonner a target: The editors had no hesitation about approving the trips into rebel territory. At one point, bombs fell close to the town and damaged its school. Guillermoprieto, then 32, was not yet a staff reporter for any publication.

el mozote massacre case study

Enders told both a Senate Foreign Affairs Subcommittee and a House Appropriations Subcommittee a week after publication of the stories that “there is no evidence to confirm that government forces systematically massacred civilians in the operations zone.

In El Salvador, significant masssacre resistance and an amnesty law passed in created seemingly insurmountable barriers to justice for victims in the case of El Mozote.

The Massacre of El Mozote: 36 Years of Struggles for Truth and Justice

In a nearby refugee camp, Guillermoprieto, like Bonner, interviewed Rufina Amaya, the sole survivor of the El Mozote massacre. Human rights atrocities like the rape and murder of the American nuns and the assassination of Romero had grabbed headlines and raised questions about what the Stury States was doing in the country — whether American aid was bankrolling widespread, indiscriminate, unjustifiable slaughter in its supposed attempts to fight Communism. From their separate interviews and observations, Bonner and Guillermoprieto, who did not consult each other afterwards, put together more or less the same basic account of what had happened:.

More than 40 percent of the dead were younger than ten years old.


El Mozote massacre: Waiting for justice nearly 40 years later

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The two Americans then attempted to examine the areas where the massacre had taken place, but they were in hostile territory under guerrilla control. Instead of setting them free, they murdered them just as they had the men.

Marching into its deserted streets, stuxy banged on the doors, ordering the inhabitants out. InEl Salvador passed an amnesty law for all individuals implicated by UN investigations, which effectively exempted the army from prosecution.

But extensive testimonies, along with forensic evidence showing the age and gender of the victims, strongly contradict the state narrative. That in the United States it came to be known, that it was exposed to the light and then allowed to fall back into the dark, makes the story of El Mozote—how it came to happen and how it came to be denied—a central parable of the Cold War.

Romero had survived the massacre himself by hiding in a cave above wl town.

el mozote massacre case study

But, having said that, I can not think of a single time that a story was changed or dropped because of pressure from the White House. He subsequently expanded the article into a book, The Massacre at El Mozote The bullets uncovered were U. I think every reporter down there wanted to go in with the guerrillas. The guerrillas had never been able to establish a foothold in this town of mostly Protestant evangelicals, who tended to look sourly on communism.

The El Mozote Massacre was unique in the sheer number of innocent lives lost, and perhaps sgudy the wanton brutality exhibited during it.