Compiled by the author In the spatial separation model see figure 3 , units are spatially divided into explora- tion and exploitation tasks by either location or function. Due to the restricted scope of a bachelor thesis, such papers, if they were not necessary for certain contemplations, were usually also omitted from this analysis. Different Level Approach of Ambidexterity 5. This can be investigated with the help of various scientific concepts. This statement has led to a variety of studies that empirically or theoretically investigate how exploration and exploitation can be linked for achieving an ambidextrous state, whether and how ambidexterity ultimately leads to enhanced firm performance and which factors influence and moderate ambidexterity e. Ambidexterity is either construed as the simultaneous pursuit of exploration and exploitation Jansen et al. A leap from Pon’s yesterday and now, to tomorrow and the future.
Companies on this journey face different types of resistance and challenges laid out in this thesis. In addition to executing the automotive assembly, employees are also expected to alter their jobs utilizing metaroutines, in which the management system supports employees to pursue exploration and exploitation tasks Adler et al. Both dimensions are contermi- nous and should therefore be mutually reinforced by the TMT. Research has found a positive relationship be- tween ambidexterity and firm performance and therefore long-term success He and Wong, , Birkinshaw and Gibson, , Jansen et al. Levels of Research Contemplation Figure 7:
Consequently, two main approaches in literature that address this managerial act of balance, have been established: Structural and Contextual Ambidexterity are Treated Separately 7. Exploration-Exploitation Integration Tension Ambidexteroty 8: Facilitating processes in the Food Innovation Network: Ambidexterity is Typically Seen as an Organizational Approach 7.
The analytical path of this paper consists of three parts, each focusing on a theoretical pillar.
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Compiled by the author In the spatial separation model see figure 3units are spatially divided into explora- tion and exploitation tasks by either location or function. Apart from managerial insights, this thesis also addresses a number of scientific inter- ests. Therefore, within a single business unit, competing demands can be ad- dressed temporarily McDonough III and Leifer,Raisch and Birkinshaw, This analysis follows a logical path, which reviews these fundamental elements step by step, up to the definition of the concept as a whole.
The attribute Stretch can be classified as the consistent ambition to masrer higher goals or standards. Ambidexterity is Mostly Seen as a Static Model 7. Analysis of core constructs This group generally addresses the question of how organizations or managers can achieve a balance between the two antagonistic necessities of change and continuity.
Organizational Ambidexterity. A Managerial Act of Balance
However, some studies also note that under certain conditions ambidexterity can be inefficient, or even detrimental. Alt- hough the parallel structure model can lead to an effective organizational architecture to pro- vide a balanced situation of the exploration-exploitation tension, the spatial separation model dominates research.
A rather thrsis group of studies focuses on the investigation of ambidexterity related performance outcomes.
In a recent meta-analysis Junni et al. In addition to executing the automotive assembly, employees are also expected to alter their jobs utilizing metaroutines, in which the management system supports employees to pursue exploration and exploitation tasks Adler et al.
Ambidextrous Organizations: sustainable growth by balancing exploitation and exploration
Revolutionary periods constitute the basis for later equilibrium periods Romanelli and Tushman,Gupta et al. Accordingly, in figure 2, a fictional organization would be in a state of exploration orientation over period! Leading corporates that used to be long-time leaders of their industry are being disrupted by new, digitally enabled business models of relatively small start-ups. At the same time we may also mawter the complexity of organizational ambidexterity and its difficult application in management practice.
The aviation industry is a fast moving and extremely competitive environment, mabidexterity companies need to continuously invest in order to be at the forefront of innovation in the eyes of the customers, hence always delivering an excellent service. At the beginning, the main objective was to gain a better understanding on the current situation of the organization around foresight activities, their barriers and challenges. A question arising from these examples is why some organizations succeed while oth- ers fail.
In this assumption we may identify a set of main concepts: In conclusion, contextual ambidexterity can be differentiated from structural ambidex- terity in several ways.
In this dissertation we aim to provide a theoretical overview on the concept of organizational ambidexterity and to verify its rational mastee. As noted above, compared to structural ambidexterity, contextual am- bidexterity clearly focuses on the individual level in order to solve the exploration- exploitation tension.
Structural ambidexteritywhich allows organizations to implement exploration and exploitation in spatially separated organizational units and contextual ambidexteritywhich proposes the pursuit of exploration and exploitation activities within the ambidexteritty unit chapter 3.
Skip to main content. Further, as seen in figure 4, interest in the ambidexterity concept in general was continuously rising. He and Wong,Gibson and Birkinshaw,Jansen et al.
Continuum View Figure While the exploration-exploitation model prompts the organization to action, in the adaptability-alignment model the organiza- tion mastef passively attempts to overcome short- and long-term managerial challenges.
Ghoshal and Bartlett identified discipline, stretch, support and trust as fundamentally influential attributes, which can be re- inforced by a variety of management procedures.
March,Raisch et al.